Become a Better Goose Hunter

goose-hunt-fensonIn order to be a successful goose hunter, hoping to take a mixed bag limit of geese, you need to start thinking like these birds.

In the pale morning light, a few silhouettes appeared against the eastern skyline. The birds were headed in our direction but fighting a brisk, west wind. As they neared the fenceline of our field the distinct cackle of speckle-bellied geese let us know that these unique Arctic birds were the first off the roost.

This small flight of 12 birds slowly approached as they fought to move into the wind. Instead of circling out decoy spread, they played the wind currents and floated back and forth, from north to south, as they made their approach and checked things over. The birds finally committed to landing, dropped their orange feet and back-peddled hard to lose elevation in the wind. We emerged from our blinds and took down half the flock with well-placed patterns of steel shot. The shooting was fast as the birds quickly flew out of range by opening their wings and allowing the wind to whisk them off.

Thinking Like A Goose

We had spotted the field the night before and watched hundreds of specks flood into the harvested peas, along with a mob of snow geese and equal numbers of Canada geese. Knowing that the specks were in the group of feeding geese, we set up specifically for them to decoy to our blinds. When we watched the birds land in the field, it was easy to tell which ones were speckle-bellies without even using our binoculars. They never sit in the main body of geese on the ground and tend to break off in smaller family groups that land in front, or on the edges of the flock. Taking a cue from the birds, we used three-dozen speckle belly decoys set out in groups of four to eight. We spread the groups out 25 to 50 yards in front of the main decoy spread of Canada and snow geese. When the birds came in to feed that morning they did exactly what they had shown us the night before and tried to land behind the main group, on the downwind side.

The next couple of flights that came to the field were also specks and they decoyed as well as I have ever experienced. The strong wind helped us immensely and kept the birds from circling or hovering over the spread to eyeball every detail on the ground. Having the full-bodied Final Approach speck decoys and magnum speck shells made the spread look extremely realistic.

In order to be a successful goose hunter hoping to take a mixed bag limit of geese, you need to start thinking like the birds. That is, know the behaviour, social and feeding routines of Canada, speckle-bellied, snow and Ross’ geese to allow you to set up in a way that appeals to all the birds. Then, target an area where their migration overlaps.

Canada Geese

We had found the perfect mixed-bag hunt and with thousands of birds using the same stretch of pea field we hoped to take a full assortment of geese. In order to do so, we had to pay careful attention to the setup and where to lay out the variety of decoys we had brought. We set our blinds with the wind at our backs and hid them in a dense group of Canada decoys. The shells were spread out in a wide flock that was set more in a straight line that a “V” or horseshoe pattern. One of the biggest mistakes most goose hunters make is laying out a tight horseshoe that doesn’t leave enough room for the birds to land. The average Canada goose has a wingspan of close to two metres. If there are 10 birds in a flock trying to land in your spread you need at least 20 metres of room in the centre of your horseshoe. If there isn’t enough room, the birds normally bounce off to one side and never present a shot opportunity. Setting up in a long, cigar-shaped pattern will always plenty of room for even the big flights of 20 or 30 birds. They will usually decoy to the centre of the spread, allowing you to place your blinds correctly, near the middle and under the flight line.

Grey Geese

With the speck decoys further downwind, we set up to maximize our opportunities for these keen-eyed birds. The next test was on the greys that were now winging their way towards us, honking with excitement and anticipation of breakfast. The Canadas didn’t waiver like the specks that played the wind back and forth, but made a beeline directly towards our blinds instead. We had shot the specks at 25 metres in front of us but the honkers were going to be much closer. I could hear the wind grinding in the bird’s wing feathers as they came directly to us. The geese were so close that we could actually see their eyes scanning the ground at the foot of our blinds for a place to land. The close encounter was exhilarating and had my heart pounding fast and furious in anticipation of sitting up and trying to shoot straight at close range, where my shotgun pattern would be tight and dense.

When I barked the command to “take ‘em” to my two hunting partners we unleashed a barrage of steel to put some of the dark geese in our daily bag. We had set the Canada decoys correctly and had some of the closest gunning a waterfowler could ever enjoy. It made it easy for all three of us to take multiple birds before they winged out of range.

Snow Geese

We knew there were thousands of snow geese also using the field and I had brought my Final Approach full bodies and several hundred Hunter’s Specialties snow goose rags. We placed the full body snow decoys directly upwind of the Canada spread where we were well concealed in our blinds. Knowing that snow geese decoy much differently that the grey geese they were sharing the field with, we hoped to draw them into range by setting up the snows directly behind us.

If you are an avid snow goose hunter, you will already know that the white geese are very different than their grey cousins. They normally feed in large, tight groups and often number in the thousands. They like the safety in numbers concept and pack tightly to avoid predators by limiting their exposure as an individual. Because white geese feed in such dense groups, they tend to eat everything in their path. Specks and Canadas land on the downwind edge of a group already in a field but snow geese always land on the upwind edge of a group. It only makes sense, as the thousands of birds already on the ground have already cleaned up all the groceries in their path and in order to get something to eat you want to be in front of the mob.

If you’ve ever watched snow geese feeding in a field you will have seen them playing leap frog to stay in prime feeding areas. That is, birds from the downwind edge of a group, that are trailing behind all their buddies, leap frog to the front of the line in order to get first dibs on the available feed. A marauding hoard of snow geese will leap frog their way across an entire field, eating everything in their path.

We knew we couldn’t set up on the upwind side of our snows, as it would allow all the dark geese to land downwind of the large decoy spread, and out of range. What we tried to do was set up our snows directly upwind of the Canada spread to allow us to shoot the whites as they passed directly over top of our blinds, on their way to the front edge of the white decoys we had placed.

Because snow and Ross’ geese can be weary, carefully scanning all the details of the decoys and ground below them, we set the full-bodied decoys on the downwind edge of the white spread, as they’d be the first white bodies that incoming birds would see. The detail and realistic characteristics are imperative to making the incoming birds confident that their friends on the ground are real.

We used the rag decoys to create lines of birds that lead to the main mob of decoys, which was a perfect imitation of what we had seen the real birds do the night before. The strong wind would help us control the exact flight path of the incoming birds with the main group of snow decoys directly upwind of our blinds.

The theory was soon but to the test when a flock of about 40 snows squawked their way across the field towards us. They did bounce around, like the specks had done, which is typical for most Arctic geese, before muscling up and setting their wings to land. The entire flock soared directly over our heads at less than 20 yards, providing the perfect range for open shotgun patterns. We emptied our shotguns and had to make a quick run from the blinds to pick up the downed birds spread across our decoys. I wanted to keep the decoy spread very specific to keep birds from falling off to the sides when coming in for a landing and collecting the different colored birds was important to keep them segregated, so that they didn’t alter the flight patterns of incoming birds.

Multi-Species Hunting

We had a great assortment of geese on the ground, with specks, cacklers, large honkers, snow geese and even a couple Ross’. I didn’t think it could get any better but when the sky filled to the horizon with birds we knew we were going to be tested yet again. I had an assortment of goose calls on my lanyard and was constantly switching back and forth to key in on the closest birds headed towards us. I insisted on everyone calling, even if they didn’t’ sound that great, as Arctic geese are very social and vocal. One of the biggest mistakes goose hunters make is not producing enough goose chatter for incoming birds. You have to look and sound realistic in order to give the birds confidence and because we were hunting with a mixture of decoys we couldn’t use the electronic call. One of our saving graces was the wind that drastically reduced the range that sound would carry, making the birds focus more on the decoys than sounds of all the birds on the ground.

The next hour was sheer mayhem. We had mixed flocks of geese work us close and were able to fill our limits of specks and honkers. With the incredible number of birds in the sky we targeted adult specks with the bold bars that stand out on their breast. With extremely high limits of snow geese we didn’t expect to fill our daily bag and we were more than satisfied with the opportunities we were getting.

There were so many birds in the sky that when we shot at one group we would flare the birds within a kilometre of our blinds. However, the next flights would zero back in on the field and it as only a matter of minutes before the next shooting sequence would take place.

Knowing the specific feeding habits and behaviours of the different goose species is critical to know in order to maximize your success on any shoot. I’ve learned a lot simply by watching geese coming into a field when spotting. Watching where birds land in relation to the others on the ground has allowed me to fine tune my presentation to replicate exactly what the birds do naturally. With the incredible diversity of geese that grace our skies in Western Canada there is always good opportunity for a mixed-bag hunt. Don’t let the specks and snows frustrate you and simply look for another hunt. Take advantage of the monster shoots and simply think like a goose.

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